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The Hanover connection

The city of Hanover in Germany is home to Bulli (colloquially known in Mzansi as the Volkswagen Microbus, Kombi, or Volksiebus) and Conti – the German tyre giant Continental AG. To celebrate 70 years of VW Bus and its association with Conti, we journeyed in a T6 Caravelle to the dusty Northern Cape town of Hanover …


The first Volkswagen Type 2, universally recognised as the Transporter, rolled off the assembly line seven decades ago and since then the Bulli, or Kombi Bus, has become an icon of the motoring world. So, to celebrate its 70th anniversary as well as the nearly 150 years of Continental (founded in Hanover in 1871) we decided to undertake a road trip to the small Karoo town named after the German city …

After attending the recent launch of the latest VW T6.1 Caravelle at Kuzuko Lodge in the Eastern Cape, we took custody of a T6 Caravelle BiTDI Highline 4Motion DSG from Volkswagen South Africa, splendidly presented with a California-style two-tone blue and white paint coat, for our journey.  

We duly named her “Sophie”, as a tribute to Sofie, one of the oldest T1 Transporters still around (she was built in August 1950 in Wolfsburg) and nowadays a proud possession of the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles (VWCV) Oldtimer collection in Hanover, Germany (see the sidebar article).

Much like in Hanover – where the VW Commercial Vehicles plant at Hannover-Stöcken even shares a power-plant with the Continental tyre factory – the local VW works in Uitenhage is not far from the Conti plant in Port Elizabeth. 

We received a set of CrossContact LX Sport tyres from Continental South Africa and took Sophie to BestDrive in William Moffett Drive, close to the Port Elizabeth airport, where Gavin Coetzer and his team outfitted her with the brand-new footwear.


The Conti collaboration

Interestingly, Continental tyres were first fitted as Original Equipment to the Volkswagen T1 “Splittie” in the 1950s. These diagonal ply tyres were known as the Continental 6.40-15, and since then VW has been an original equipment customer of Continental in various forms over the decades that followed; and still is today.

The local tyre company, originally called General Tire and Rubber Company SA, was established in 1947 – a year after the SAMAD plant (now Volkswagen) was opened, and 35 years ago, in 1985, the first Continental branded tyres were produced by the local plant. Continental Tyre SA is now a wholly owned subsidiary of the Continental Group.

The ContiCrossContact LX Sport rubber on our Caravelle – with a 90% road, 10% off-road bias and designed specifically for mid-sized and large SUVs – was purposely chosen, as we anticipated many a gravelled road on our way to the wide open plains of the Karoo. 

Shod with the new Conti tyres, Sophie first made her way to Uitenhage for a visit the AutoPavilion at the Volkswagen plant. Here we were met by curator Buyile Gqubule, an iconic T1 split-windscreen “Micro Bus De Luxe” – unofficially known as the “Samba bus” – with its all-round windows, distinctive roof windows, and a folding sunroof,  and one of the very last T3 Caravelle models produced in South Africa. 


A rich South African heritage

The first T1 Transporter assembled in Uitenhage came off the line in 1955 and for 47 years local production of the legendary Microbus (later also dubbed the Volksiebus) continued uninterrupted until June 2002. In total, 264 934 Transporters were assembled locally.

The T3 (also available with syncro all-wheel-drivetrain) was the last to be built locally and also the last rear-engine Volkswagen model. It was produced here for 24 years and became a particular favourite with South Africans. Facelifted after 1991 (when German production of this model came to an end), the exclusively South African Microbus and Caravelle models received 2.5-litre five-cylinder Audi-power, upgraded to 2.6-litre five-cylinder units in 1995.

While manoeuvring the vehicles into position for our heritage photoshoot, one could again admire that distinctive five-cylinder engine sound of the T3 and be reminded as to why the versatile Volksiebus and its famous predecessors became deeply entrenched in local automotive folklore.

Leaving Uitenhage, we followed the undulating R72 – passing places with names like Hamburg and Kayser’s Beach, reminders of the period when early German settlers inhabited this region of the Eastern Cape – on our way to East London. What immediately caught our attention on this stretch of road was how quiet the ContiCrossContacts were … There was no road or tyre noise to speak of, aiding our smooth and serene progress.

Our route from Buffalo City the next morning initially hugged the N2 towards King William’s Town and included a visit to the village of Berlin. Rundown, with a graveyard of dilapidated toilets and potholed roads greeting you on entry, the little town is a huge disappointment compared to its European namesake …

We then followed the R63 through Adelaide and Bedford before turning on to the N10 towards Cradock and Hanover. With 132 kW and 400 Nm of torque available (against 146 kW and 450 Nm in the new T6.1), Sophie quietly and contently devoured the long ribbon of tar. 

However, on inclines and when overtaking, the power difference compared to the T6.1 was perceptible, with the DSG sometimes hunting to find the right ratio … but the CrossContact LX Sport rubber continued to impress on the broken tar roads.

Close to the mountainous Blomfontein area near Cradock we also found our own “Tierkloof Pass” (for those who remember the Bus and ‘vellies’ ads with David Kramer). Here, the 4Motion system proved a welcome addition on the slippery, rough gravel surface, and the Conti rubber provided more than enough grip to overcome some mild obstacles.

The choice of CrossContact tyres for the road conditions encountered on our journey was the correct one but for those who do not plan to travel on dirt, the correct tyre for the Caravelle would be the ContiPremiumContact 5 – a purely road-biased tyre with a rating of 100% tar surface.


On the ‘higher ridge’

In German, Hanover means “on the higher ridge”, and Trappieskop, towering over the flat Karoo landscape, offers a panoramic view of the dusty little town. Claimed to be the most central place in the country, Hanover is fed by The Fountain, a powerful spring in town that releases about 205 000 litres of water per day.

The name of the town originated from a request from a local farmer, Gert Johannes Wilhelm Gouws, the grandson of Sterren Gauche, to name the village Hanover as his grandfather, who had come to Africa in search of his fortune, came from that city in Germany.

Sophie looked quite “at home” parked in front of the tall church in the centre of the town to pay homage to Hanover and the legacy of two companies from the German city that has become household names in South Africa, and still contribute hugely to the ongoing industrialisation of the country.

Our experience with Sophie on the road to Hanover again substantiated why the versatile, comfortable, and very competent Kombi Bus has over the last 70 years become a firm South African favourite … and with its latest updates it will indeed remain a faithful road trip companion for the foreseeable future.

Preparations for this future has already started in Hanover with arrangements to produce the ID.BUZZ already in full swing, starting from 2022. In addition to the T-model range and the ID. BUZZ, the Hanover plant will also produce three fully electric D-SUV models for other brands within the VW Group.